In prehistory, the area we now call Springfield Township was beach front property on an expanded lake due to the flow of water being blocked in the Niagara Falls area. Sediment from that time is still seen in the sand and clay soil of the whole region called the “Black Swamp” or “Oak Openings.”
The Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandot and other tribes used it as hunting grounds, but avoided staying in the area for too long because of the wetness and sickness that came with it. The sand bogs and swamps became a habitat for many plants – orchids and prickly pear cactus, cranberries, strawberries and other ground fruit.
Click on a link to learn more about Holland, Springfield Township and Spencer Township.